Fire protection and fire water containment

Fire  fighting attack routes have to be designed and marked in such a way that discharge points can be easily and without obstructions reached by fire fighting and rescue vehicles.

For filling and discharge points for flammable liquids, location and width of fire-fighting attack routes shall be specified in accordance with DIN 14 090 taking into account local and operating conditions and in agreement with the authorities in charge of fire-fighting.

For filling points subject to a specific permit, a current fire-fighting plan for structural works in accordance with DIN 14 095 and fire protection regulations in accordance with DIN 14 096 must be in force.

Fire fighting equipment shall be available to fight fire outbreaks. In this context, reference is made to the Regulation BGR 133 issued by the trade association, “Regulations for the equipment of workplaces with fire extinguishers”.

Selection of fire-fighting equipment

Type and extent of fire fighting equipment shall be based on local and operating conditions, in particular the filling rate and the hazard class of flammable liquids.

In addition, suitable facilities e.g. fire alarms shall be provided to report the fire to the competent fire brigade. Otherwise the fire fighting system must be such that all hazards can be effectively dealt with.

Depending on local and operational conditions, fire fighting equipment may be stationary, fully movable or partly movable.

Partly movable fire fighting systems include mobile fire trucks or engines that are equivalent to stationary fire-fighting systems with regard to the extinguishing medium rate and storage as well as the alarm concept and the response time. 

Fire fighting media include: foam, carbon dioxide, powder and water

Carbon dioxide and powder may not be introduced under pressure into an explosive atmosphere (e.g. for inertization or testing the fire fighting system), unless specific protection measures have been taken. Reference is made to the regulations BGR 132 issued by the trade associations concerning the avoidance of ignition.

 

Fire water containment

The need for fire water containment shall be examined for each individual filling and discharge point in cooperation with the competent fire fighting authority; the containment volume shall be defined if applicable.

Fire water containment facilities are, for instance, not required, if the expected share of fire water and flammable liquids is so low in the case of fire, that it can be absorbed by the existing containment facilities.

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